International Women’s Day (IWD for short) is called “International Women’s Day”, “March 8th” and “March 8th Women’s Day” in China. It is a festival established on March 8 every year to celebrate women’s important contributions and great achievements in economic, political and social fields.
The origins of International Women’s Day on March 8 can be attributed to a series of major events in the women’s movement in the early 20th century, including:
In 1909, the American Socialists designated February 28 as National Women’s Day;
In 1910, at the Copenhagen Conference of the Second International, more than 100 women representatives from 17 countries, headed by Clara Zetkin, planned to establish International Women’s Day, but did not set an exact date;
On March 19, 1911, more than one million women gathered in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland to celebrate International Women’s Day;
On the last Sunday in February 1913, Russian women celebrated their International Women’s Day by holding a demonstration against World War I;
On March 8, 1914, women from many European countries held anti-war demonstrations;
On March 8, 1917 (February 23 of the Russian calendar), to commemorate the nearly 2 million Russian women who died in the First World War, Russian women held a strike, kicking off the “February Revolution”. Four days later, the Tsar was killed. Forced to abdicate, the interim government announced to give women the right to vote.
It can be said that this series of feminist movements in Europe and the Americas at the beginning of the 20th century jointly contributed to the birth of the International Women’s Day on March 8, rather than the “International Women’s Day” that people take for granted is just the legacy of the international communist movement.
Post time: Mar-09-2022